If you’re a history lover looking to plan a vacation in the UK, you’re in luck. The UK is stacked with opportunities for days out and exciting adventures back in time. There are plenty of world-famous historical landmarks located throughout the country. Many of these are near London and other big cities, which makes them easily reachable by road and rail.

There is a wide variety of historical landmarks in the UK. Explore breathtaking castles, steeped in ancient history and mysterious legends. Learn about the industrial revolution, royal family, or even go back to Roman times. It’s been hard to narrow it down to only the top ten examples, but here is a selection of some of the most famous historical landmarks the UK has to offer.

Caernarfon Castle

Caernarfon Castle in Wales is one of the most impressive medieval fortresses in the UK. Built in the 13th century by King Edward the 1st, this royal fortress is situated bn the River Seiont and the Menai Strait. It’s surrounded by boats and beautiful scenery. If you’re thinking it’s about time to travel, then Caernarfon Castle is a wonderfully unique place to start.

The “castle of dreams” is steeped in legend and history. It’s well worth a visit. The fortress-palace is located in the quaint Welsh town of Caernarfon. It’s also reachable by train and is 16km from a larger city, Bangor, Wales. The coast of Wales is well worth a visit if you have time. It’s actually very near several destinations in the South and West of England.

Tynemouth Castle and Priory

Tynemouth Castle and Priory are located just under ten miles to the east of Newcastle, the city home to the famous Geordie – Newcastle Accent. Newcastle is one of the furthest north main cities in the UK and has a fascinating history and culture. Tynemouth Castle is an 11th-century historic landmark and offers an array of attractions. This includes uninterrupted views of Tynemouth pier and old gun batteries. These ruins are a fascinating spectacle to see from afar and if you’re traveling to the North of the UK they’re definitely worth a visit. 

The Benedictine priory dates back to the middle of the 7th century. Members of the Northumbrian royal family were also laid to rest here. The castle itself is situated on a rocky headland and the surrounding landscape is truly stunning. 

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle stands tall on the volcanic crag known as Castle Rock, looking over the capital of Scotland. This historic fortress was a royal residence dating back to the 12th century and is now home to the Scottish Crown Jewels.

Located in the center of Edinburgh, it’s easily reachable by train, bus, and road. It is also a short distance from Edinburgh and Glasgow airport, so you can plan your Scottish visit around it. The city of Edinburgh is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the UK, and along with Glasgow is a southern Scottish city, so easily reachable from the North of England. 

Hadrian’s Wall

Hadrian’s Wall is part of ancient British history. In around AD122, the Roman Emperor Hadrian ordered the building of this 80-mile wall across the width of England, making it one of the most impressive historical landmarks in the UK. If you’re looking for evidence of Roman life in Britain then it’s definitely a must-see. 

The UNESCO world heritage site is situated between the northern cities Carlisle and Hexham and can be visited by the Hadrian’s Wall bus which departs from each of these towns. It’s also possible to see the vast length of the wall in several other parts of the UK, so if you’re travelling north try to plan a stop. 

 

Ironbridge Gorge – a Historical Landmark

Ironbridge Gorge is of the most important industrial UK landmarks. It’s evidence of the many technological advances in the 18th century. This was a fascinating time for engineering. There are ten fantastic museums surrounding the gorge, displaying all kinds of artifacts from the industrial revolution.

Ironbridge Gorge is one of the most famous industrial monuments in the UK. It’s located in Ironbridge, a town in Shropshire, on the River Severn. It’s a fascinating landmark especially if you have a particular interest in engineering history.

 

Roman Baths, Bath

The Roman Baths in the city of Bath are beautifully preserved and examples of exquisite roman architecture and luxury. Natural hot springs run underneath the sacred temple courtyard, and goddess statues watch over the flowing waters. 

Located in the ancient city of Bath, one of the most popular historical destinations in the UK to visit, the Roman baths are just one of the amazing examples of architecture the place has to offer. They’re an unforgettable sight, well worth seeing. 

 

Stonehenge

Steeped in mystery for over 5000 years, the iconic circle of rocks known as Stonehenge is the story of legends of all the world. The statue-like stones date back to prehistoric times and are without a doubt, one of the most famous historical landmarks in Britain. 

Stonehenge is situated near the picturesque town of Avebury in Wiltshire, which is reachable by train from central London. There are many theories about the origin of Stonehenge, why not take a day trip from London and come up with your own?

Stratford-Upon-Avon

The picturesque riverside town Stratford-Upon-Avon is known for being the birthplace of William Shakespeare. It’s one of the most famous historical places in England. The town is home to many historical sites such as Shakespeare’s birthplace in 1564, and cultural events including Royal Shakespeare Company theatre productions on the banks of the River Avon. 

This quaint little town often goes overlooked as many tourists would rather flock to the famous globe theatre in London. If you’re looking to really feel like you’re in the time of Shakespeare however, it’s worth visiting Stratford-Upon-Avon. 

The Tower of London is a Historical Landmark

This iconic historical landmark, famously the host to the crown jewels, beefeaters, and legendary ravens, is located on the River Thames. The Tower of London was given its full title after the Norman conquest in 1066. It’s a fascinating structure and an unmissable sight.

The Tower of London was a building with many important purposes. It was used as a royal palace, might fortress, and infamous prison. Many medieval prisoners came to a sticky end behind these walls. Having said that, it’s a fun day out for all the family. The Tower of London is located next to Tower Bridge so it’s a must-see when you’re crossing the River Thames.  

Did you know that the Windsor Castle is a Historical Landmark

Windsor Castle is the largest and oldest occupied castle in the world. It’s considered the main residence of the Queen who spends the majority of her private weekends there. It was founded by William the Conqueror in the 11th century. Since then 39 monarchs have lived there. Windsor castle also has an interesting history as a military fortress.

You can visit the inside as well and take in the grandeur of the royal interior. This includes the castle’s lavish 19th century State Apartments. The castle is also surrounded by beautiful gardens. It’s a very popular tourist attraction and is also used to host state visits.

As you can see the UK has a great deal to offer when it comes to historical landmarks. One of the best things is that many of these are easily reachable by train or public transport. If you’re planning a tour of the UK, you can try to tick as many off the list as you can!